cURL stands for client URL. This is basically a library which allows communicating with many different type of server with different protocols like HTTP, FTP etc. When we work on XAMPP or WAMP(localhost) then cURL library is included in it. To enable the cURL we have to edit php.ini file which are shown below. Instead of cURL , there is a PHP function like file_get_contents() which is also used to get remote content.


Steps to Enable cURL

Open php.ini file
Find   ;extension=php_curl.dll
Remove semi-colon(;)  to activate cURL.

Some operations which can be performed using cURL which are as follows:
• File upload and download from remote server.
• Download HTML with URL in PHP.
• Authentication process (Login to other website with permissions)
Basic cURL functions which are as follows:
1. curl_init – It is used to initialize new session. It returns cURL handle which is passed to other curl function.
$curl = curl_init(); //initialise
2. curl_setopt – It is used set option what we want to do with cURL library. We put cURL handle within it.
curl_setopt ($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
3. curl_exec – Used to execute cURL session . It return true if it is success else return false.
4. curl_close – used to close the current cURL session.

Example of cURL.

$curl = curl_init(''); //initialise
curl_setopt ($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
print $response;

Here in above example you have seen CURLOPT_HEADER is set to 0 to exclude header info from response from output.
For downloading remote contents as file we have cURL option like CURLOPT_FILE which open or create a file to store cURL output. It will write cURL result to a file. If we want to get remote content from client URL then we just pass URL within curl_init(“URL”) and we will get remote content as a response.

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